POSITIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF FATTY ACIDS IN TRIACYLGLYCEROLS AND PHOSPHOLIPIDS FROM FILLETS OF ATLANTIC SALMON (SALMO SALAR) FED VEGETABLE AND FISH OIL BLENDS

CATEGORY: Feed Additives

DATE:June 2015

AUTHORS: N. Ruiz-Lopez , I. Stubhaug, I.R. Ipharraguerre, G. Rimbach and D. Menoyo

BOOK/JOURNAL:Marine drugs, 13, 4255-4269; doi:10.3390/md13074255

ABSTRACT:

The nutritional and functional characteristics of dietary fat are related to the fatty acid (FA) composition and its positional distribution in the triacylglycerol (TAG) fraction. Atlantic salmon is an important source of healthy long chain omega 3 FA (particularly, eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docoxahexaenoic (DHA) acids). However, the impact of lipid sources in salmon feeds on the regiospecificity of FA in the fish TAG remains to be explored. The present study determines the effect of feeding salmon with blends of palm, rapeseed, and fish oil, providing two different EPA + DHA concentrations (high: H-ED 10.3% and low: L-ED 4.6%) on the fillet lipid class composition and the positional distribution of FA in TAG and phospholipids. The regiospecific analysis of fillet TAG showed that around 50% of the EPA and around 80% of DHA was located in the sn-2 position. The positional distribution of FA in phosphatidylcholine (PC), showed that around 80% of the EPA and around 90% of DHA were located in the sn-2. Fish fed the vegetable-rich diets showed higher EPA in the sn-2 position in PC (77% vs. 83% in the H-ED and L-ED diets, respectively) but similar DHA concentrations. It is concluded that feeding salmon with different EPA + DHAconcentrations does not affect their positional distribution in the fillet TAG.

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